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The Basics of Bermuda Grass

by Kelly Richardson, All About Lawns Columnist

When ranking the popularity of the warm season grasses, Bermuda is certainly near the top of the list. Both attractive and easy to care for, Bermuda grass will turn your lawn into a manicured landscape perfect for your bare feet. Here's a quick summary of the characteristics of Bermuda that you should know.

Coming to the US from the savannahs of Africa via the Bermuda Islands, Bermuda grass has taken its place as one of the go-to grass types for most homeowners. From the genus Cynodon and the species dactylon, this warm season grass can be found the world over from 45 degrees north to 45 degrees south longitudes. Turfgrass Producers International reports that the Hindu from India actually considered the grass sacred, as they frequently fed it to their cattle.
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Bermuda Grass Characteristics

  • Appearance. Bermuda grass consists of fine to medium textured, dark green leaves that grow densely in open spaces. Also has a deep root system.
  • Performance. Bermuda is a very drought and heat resistant (up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit) grass type that is perfect for homes with children and pets.
  • Drawbacks. Bermuda grass does not tolerate the shade very well. It requires constant sunlight to develop into its true green color and thick texture.

Caring for Bermuda Grass

  • Fertilizing. Have your Bermuda grass fertilized by a professional once to twice per year with a solution containing nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium.
  • Watering. Water your Bermuda lawn moderately, with an inch deep soaking every 4 to 7 days.
  • Mowing. As with most lawn types, setting your mower on its highest level will keep the roots from burning in a scorching sun.
If you're perplexed as to the type of grass you should plant on your lawn, talk to your home and garden professional about the value of Bermuda grass.


About the Author
Kelly Richardson has obsessive compulsive lawn disorder and is afflicted with the need to share his knowledge with the world. Kelly writes lawn columns for a variety of home and garden magazines and e-zines.

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